Obesity is the accumulation of excess body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual's ideal body weight.
Diabetes refers to a group of metabolic disorders in which the body has trouble metabolizing carbohydrates, leading to high blood sugar levels.
This article will teach you what you need to know about diabetes and obesity so you can improve your article writing skills on topics related to these types of afflictions.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition in which the body doesn't produce or use insulin properly. Your body needs insulin to convert sugar (glucose) and other foods into energy. When you have diabetes, your blood sugar level may be consistently high. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce any insulin; in type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin or uses it poorly. Without proper management, both types increase the risk for many complications.
What is obesity?
Overweight and obesity generally indicate an excess of body fat. Obesity is a serious concern because it is associated with poorer mental health outcomes, reduced quality of life, and the leading causes of death in the United States and worldwide, including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer (1-4).
The most commonly used measure to assess overweight and obesity is body mass index (BMI). BMI is a simple calculation using a person’s height and weight. The formula for BMI is for adults 20 years old or older:
Underweight – BMI less than 18.5 kg/m²
Normal weight – BMI equal to or greater than 18.5 kg/m² but less than 25 kg/m²
Overweight – BMI equal to or greater than 25 kg/m² but less than 30 kg/m²
Obese – BMI equal to or greater than 30 kg/m².
How are diabetes and obesity connected?
There is a strong link between obesity and diabetes. Being overweight or obese is a major risk factor for developing diabetes. In fact, 85% of people living with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese.
Many doctors believe that insulin resistance causes both obesity and diabetes.
Insulin helps the body’s cells take up glucose from the bloodstream for storage as glycogen (a form of glucose) in muscle and fatty tissue, or to be used as fuel by the body.*
When a person is overweight, more fat cells accumulate in their body, creating additional "storage space" for glucose.
This leads to an increased demand for insulin. As insulin production increases, the pancreas becomes less sensitive to it over time.
If your pancreas does not respond appropriately to normal levels of insulin production, this can lead to hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). Over time, if left untreated, hyperglycemia damages vital organs and tissues throughout the body.*
Diabetes causes obesity
Diabetes causes obesity by slowing down your metabolism, which in turn can make you gain weight. Depending on the type of diabetes you have and how well you control it, the speed of this process can vary. If your body isn't making insulin or if it can't use that insulin effectively, then glucose (sugar) will build up in your bloodstream instead of being absorbed by your cells. Without the energy that glucose provides, the body thinks it needs to conserve what energy it has left, which slows metabolism down and encourages fat storage.
The more severe problems caused by diabetes lead to a vicious cycle of weight gain. For example, Type 2 diabetes makes insulin resistance worse over time; this means blood sugar levels increase because there's not enough insulin for them to be absorbed into the cells as fuel. This leads to higher levels of glucose in your blood stream and increased hunger -- because without food for energy, your body thinks it's starving--which leads to weight gain from too much eating and too little physical activity.
Your body uses insulin to help turn food into energy. Insulin resistance occurs when your cells can’t use insulin properly. As a result, more and more insulin is needed to keep blood sugar normal, which leads to the high blood sugar levels seen in diabetes.
In some cases, insulin resistance can lead to weight gain because the body tries to compensate for the extra work on your pancreas by converting calories into fat instead of using them for energy.
Insulin resistance is caused by a combination of family history and lifestyle factors that affect whether you’re at risk of developing it or not. Lifestyle factors include physical activity, diet, sleep and stress levels.
Causes of obesity.
The exact cause of obesity is unknown. It may be a result of several factors, including genetics, overeating, eating unhealthy food and not getting enough exercise. Other possible causes include the following:
Medication: Certain medicines can cause weight gain, such as antidepressants; mood stabilizers; diabetes medications; hormones for birth control or hormone replacement therapy (HRT); steroids; and beta-adrenergic blocking medications for high blood pressure or heart conditions.
Hormonal imbalance: Insulin resistance (a precursor to diabetes) may contribute to obesity in women who have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects up to 5 percent of American women of childbearing age and causes excess production of certain hormones by the ovaries.
One way to prevent diabetes and obesity is to maintain a healthy diet. This means avoiding processed foods and sugary drinks, since these can be high in calories and low in nutritional value. Another good idea is to keep on the lookout for fast food, and avoid excessive amounts of alcohol or smoking.
Maintaining a healthy weight will help you prevent diabetes and obesity, so if you notice your body changing shape, it's time to look at your lifestyle choices. A good first step is to make regular exercise part of your routine—this will help you burn excess calories as well as feel more upbeat and other positive life effects that may affect your overall health positively.
You can also take care not to let stress negatively impact your health. It is important that you learn how to manage stressful situations so they don't cause you harm. You should consider getting regular check-ups with a doctor who has experience in the area of diabetes prevention so that you are aware of any potential problems before they occur.
Diabetes is often caused by obesity but, can also cause obesity
Diabetes and obesity are often linked to one another. Diabetes can lead to obesity, but so can obesity lead to diabetes. Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot control blood sugar levels. In order to combat diabetes, sufferers must lose weight, or begin taking medication. Obesity is a condition in which the body has too much fat for its height and weight. In order to combat obesity, individuals must exercise or take diet pills or diabetic medication (which often causes weight loss).
There is a new, yet powerful, all-natural 30 Second Bedtime Secret, to reverse high sugar levels, that less than 3% of people even know about.
If you have a diabetic ulcer, it is important for you to take care of it right away because untreated diabetic ulcers can be very serious.
Diabetic ulcers are caused by a combination of factors, including high blood sugar levels over time and poor blood flow to your lower legs and feet (also known as peripheral arterial disease). Many people are not aware that they have these problems until they develop an open sore on their foot. Diabetic ulcers usually take a long time to heal because there is not enough blood supply getting to the area where the wound is located. If left untreated, the wound can become more severe and lead to amputation.
How do they form?
Diabetic ulcers tend to form on the bottom of the feet. They are likely to occur in areas where pressure builds up, such as over bony parts or the ball of your foot. Because diabetes can cause nerve damage, you may not feel pain or other sensations that would normally alert you to the presence of an ulcer. Ulcers also form because blood flow is reduced in people with diabetes; wounds take longer to heal and are more easily infected. Ulcers also tend to recur and may be difficult to treat.
Your podiatrist will examine your foot for signs of a diabetic ulcer and try non-invasive treatment approaches first. If these don't work, he or she may recommend surgery or other treatments, depending on the location and severity of your ulcer. Treatment depends on how deep the wound is and whether it has become infected by bacteria. In any case, you should see a podiatrist immediately if you have symptoms of an ulcer so that it can be treated before infection develops or before further tissue damage occurs.
Different types of diabetic ulcers.
In some cases, ulcers can be a result of diabetes itself. The autoimmune disease is an increasingly popular subject for research today. You may have heard about it in association with the animal kingdom: dogs, cats, rabbits and even many other species are known to get diabetes.
But we humans have something quite special going on too—we're not just a test tube specimen for other creatures to experiment on; we're actually quite special. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), "one in ten" people in the United States has diabetes, or N=10%. This is an astounding number for both the numbers alone and their prevalence in different demographics (men are twice as likely to develop it as women).
So why is this?
Why do so many of us get diagnosed with this disease?
And why should you care?
Stages of diabetic ulcers
There are various stages that diabetic ulcers go through.
Early stage: Redness, itchiness, dryness, pain/burning. The skin may be mildly swollen, and you may have a feeling of warmth in the affected area.
Second stage: Blistering. The skin will erupt into blisters filled with fluid, and you may notice a foul-smelling discharge from the blister or wound.
Third stage: Ulcer forms. This is when an open sore appears in the affected area. The skin around it might be bright red or shiny in appearance, and it may feel warm to the touch. Deeper ulcers will swell or become purplish red in color as blood vessels beneath them become inflamed or damaged. You should immediately seek medical attention once an ulcer has formed; failure to do so can result in a nasty infection (and possibly even amputation).
Fourth stage: Infection forms — this occurs when bacteria enter the wound and begin to multiply there (it’s called “cellulitis”). A tell-tale sign of infection is a yellowish discoloration surrounding the wound itself; you’ll also likely experience swelling and feverish symptoms if infected tissue is present under your skin (this is called “acute osteomyelitis”). In rare cases, bacteria can spread to your bloodstream (a condition known as “sepsis”), which can quickly become life-threatening if not treated promptly with antibiotics!
Fifth stage: Gangrene begins to set in — this occurs when dead tissue acquires a dark greenish color due to bacterial growth within it. Localized gangrene usually affects only your toes or fingers; systemic gangrene involves multiple areas of the body at once and can spread rapidly through your bloodstream unless properly treated with intravenous antibiotics ASAP! In this case hospitalization is necessary until further notice!
Causes and risks of diabetic ulcers
As with many things in life, the causes of diabetic foot ulcers are multifaceted and overlap. In general, an ulcer is caused by a break in the skin over a bony part of the foot. This can happen due to trauma or injury to the foot and also from constant pressure and friction on certain parts of your feet, such as corns or calluses over bony prominences.
Diabetes is one main contributor to diabetic ulcers, because high blood sugar damages nerves in your feet (neuropathy) and reduces blood flow to your feet. High blood pressure can further exacerbate poor circulation. Diabetic neuropathy often dulls sensation so you may not feel it if you step on something sharp, like a rock or piece of glass.
Treating and preventing diabetic ulcers
Diabetic foot ulcers are most often preventable. Prevention requires good control of diabetes, as well as preventive foot care.
Regular checks by both a doctor and a podiatrist (foot doctor). These checks can help identify early changes in the skin or bones that may lead to an ulcer. Patients themselves should check their feet carefully every day for wounds or other problems.
Proper hygiene of the feet is important to prevent infections and lower the risk of getting a diabetic foot ulcer. This means washing your feet daily with soap and water, drying them well (especially between toes), lubricating dry areas and cracks in the skin, and trimming your nails straight across instead of rounded at the edges.
Footwear is also very important for preventing diabetic ulcers. A person with diabetes should wear shoes that fit well and protect against injury from objects on the ground or friction from socks or pressure from ill-fitting shoes. Avoid walking barefoot, even indoors at home; wear socks whenever possible; never take a bath—instead take showers; do not heat up your feet in hot water; do not soak your feet for long periods of time; do not scratch your feet; and never use chemical additives inside your shoes or socks—only use medicated powders if prescribed by your physician.
Footwear must be changed daily to avoid repeated irritation from perspiration build-up that causes skin maceration (softening) leading to breakdown when it comes into contact with footwear materials. Shoes should be replaced yearly, especially if they are worn out or have lost their shape (shoe trees will help keep shoes shaped). Insoles (also called orthotics) can help prevent sores by decreasing pressure on certain parts of the foot, but these devices must be fitted properly by podiatrists who specialize in this area.
People with diabetes must avoid smoking because it impairs blood flow to nerves and tissues throughout the body
Complications of diabetic ulcers
The complications of diabetic ulcers are no joke. If the ulcer becomes infected and does not heal, you may require amputation. The most common complication for untreated diabetic foot ulcers is gangrene, which is tissue death that occurs when blood flow to an area is blocked. Gangrene can affect your toes and feet, or it can spread to your entire leg. For some with diabetes, untreated foot or leg gangrene can be fatal.
Diabetic ulcers proper care treatment
If you have diabetes, it's important to take good care of your legs and feet by:
Checking your feet everyday for cuts and blisters (use a hand mirror if you have trouble seeing them)
Keeping your blood sugar levels under control by testing regularly, eating healthy foods and exercising daily
Washing your feet every day in warm water, drying them carefully afterward and also getting regular check-ups with a doctor.
There is a new, yet powerful, all-natural 30 Second Bedtime Secret, to reverse high sugar levels, that less than 3% of people even know about.